What is Ayurveda
Ayurveda is the oldest holistic system of medicine in the world that uses constitutional models. It is the art of healthy living that has been helping human beings to create harmony in daily life by using the techniques of self-knowledge and self-care. Being ancient the word Ayurveda is derived from the ancient Indian language Sanskrit where ‘ayus’ means life and ‘ved’ means knowledge or science. So, the literal meaning of the word Ayurveda is knowledge or science of life. In short we can say that to know about life is “Ayurveda”.
The whole science of Ayurveda is based on the five great elements that Ayurveda termed as panchmahabhuta theory. These five elements are earth, water, fire, air and space. These elements constitute our universe. These elements change and interact constantly with each other and create a situation of dynamic flux that keeps the world going.
Ayurvedic Body Types
Ayurveda recognizes three main energies that combine to form all the five elements in the universe. These basic energies are vitta, pitta and kapha. These energies are seen in the processes of growth, maintenance and decay. Their actions are named anabolism, metabolism and catabolism.
Pitta is composed of fire and water. Kapha comprises water and earth. Vatta is composed of air and space.
Ayurvedic way of approach to treat
According to Ayurveda, life is a combination of four essential parts- mind, body, senses and the soul. It doesn’t limit the knowledge to body or physical symptoms but also provides a thorough knowledge regarding spiritual, mental and emotional aspects. This traditional system of healing is based on the theory of balancing the body, the soul and the mind. This balancing includes eating the right thing at the right time, adapting to daily lifestyle habits, daily meditation and maintaining purity of mind and soul.
There is a strong connection between the mind and the body. It not only controls the process of thoughts but also helps the body in day-to-day activities such as respiration, blood circulation, digestion and elimination. Our physiology is regulated by the combined work of mind and body. The senses are used as information gatherers so that the mind can act accordingly to the body. The clarity of senses helps the mind and body to integrate their functions so that the human beings can live a healthy and happier life.
There are two main goals of Ayurveda:
• To maintain the health of the healthy
• To heal the sick
These goals can be achieved by adopting the right diet, daily regimen, lifestyle, actions and activities. Various problems like depression, anxiety, nervousness, and insomnia are due to sick mind and body. Therefore, a balance is needed in the functioning of both mind and body for good health.